Irish Class–Monday Night. January 26, 2009


Irish Class, January 26, 2009

Rang Gaeilge, 26ú lá mí Eanáir 2009

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Fadas: áéíóúÁÉÍÓÚ

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Listening exercise

  1. Ceapim go mb’fhearr lin an liamhás a ithe ar dtús.
    I think that it is
    better for us to eat the ham first.

    ar dtús (=i dtosach) first
    go mb’fhearr linn would be better for us

    go mh’fhearr ← go b’fhearr ← go ba fearr. ba is conditional copula,
    and go eclipses. Alternative contraction of the same words: gurbh fhearr.
    In modern colloquial Irish you often just hear go b’fhearr, omitting the
    eclipsis.

  2. Is mór an náire nár féidir libh teacht a thabairt cuairt.
    It is a great
    shame that you [pl.] would not be able to come visit.

    náire shame f4
    nár would not be Neg. cond. copula
    a thabairt cuairt visit lit. “give a visit”
    a thabairt ← ag tabhairt to give with modal
    contruction

  3. An fada chun cinn atá sibh?
    How far along are you [pl.]?

    chun toward /γun/
    chun cinn forward, ahead
    An are Pres. interr. copula
    fad length n. m1
    fada long adj.
    atá sibh are you [pl.]
    a bhí were you [pl.]

    Lit. “The length forward are you?”

  4. B’ionadh orm cé chomh láidir a bhí sé.
    I was surprised at how strong it
    was.

    B’ionadh orm I was surprised (Lit. “Surprise was on me”) B’ionadh ← Ba ionadh
    Ar ionadh ort faoi…? Were you surprised about …?

  5. Chuir sé spúnóg airgid, forc iarainn, agus scian óir in aice leis
    a plata.

    Put a silver spoon, an iron fork, and a gold knife next to
    her plate.

    forc fork m
    scian knife f
    airgead silver g. airgid
    iarann iron g. iarainn
    ór gold g. óir
    a pláta her plate
    a phláta his plate plate of a different man/boy
    a phláta fein his own plate
    a bpláta their plate
    an bpláta the plate
  6. Note: in aice leis eclipses, but mutations from a personal pronoun trump that
    effect.

More on Cardinal directions

Based on unit 9 of Intermediate
Irish
.

We did some of the exercises at the end of the chapter. No. 6 was a little
frustrating: Our thoughts on where each paragraph led differed from the author’s.
However, there was some useful vocabulary:

As sin, siúil siar. From there, walk west.
buail hit, strike, go into [in this context]
an gcéad sráid eile At the next street Lit. “At the first other street”
amharclann theater
tosaigh begin
go dtí an chéad sráid to the first street
coinnigh continue
ar aghaidh forward
coirnéal corner m1
ag siúlóid beagán walking a bit
sula before only with verbs
rachaidh will go future of téigh
go mbeidh tú you will be
suas up motion toward
trasna across
atá ag dul siar going west
cas turn
cas ar dheis turn right
cas ar chlé turn left
thar dhá theach past two houses
ag fanacht waiting, stopping fan

Misc.
cadhnra /kainrə/ battery m4
tinneas scornaí sore throat

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