- Two-Handed Swords in Scotland – 1594
Two-handed swords were carried by Highland mercenaries in Ireland as late as 1594 (see the Description of Scottish Soldiers in The Life of Aodh Ruadh O Domhnaill)
- Swords and Social Class
Large swords, as opposed to dirks, were carried by the elite warriors in Highland Society, not by the peasants. See Reid, Highland Clansman 1689–1746, pp. 15-18.
- Scottish Basket-Hilted swords in the 17th Century
In the 17th Century the single-handed, basket-hilted sword seems to have become the Highlander’s edged weapon of choice (For those Highlanders rich or lucky enough to have a choice). David Stevenson discusses this and those swords appear in the contemporary (and bloodthirsty) poetry of Iain Lom.
- Mortuary Hilt Swords
William “Bill” Goodwin notes
“According to Ewart Oakeshott in his book European Weapons and Armour, this label [Mortuary Sword] is an invention of 19th century collectors. The earliest examples of the weapon date to around 1635, thus dispelling the myth of any assocation with Charles’s [King Charles I] death.”